Rug Knots

THE TWO MOST TYPICAL TYPES OF KNOTS used in oriental carpets are the Turkish (or Ghordies) knot and the Persian (or Senneh) knot. These terms generally have nothing to do with a carpet's ethnic or geographic origin; thus, the Persian knot is woven in Turkey and vice versa. However, we can specifically identify what towns use which knot.

FIELD AND BORDER PATTERNS in all handmade oriental pile carpets rely upon repeated sequences of knots. It is primarily in the choice of colors and in the repetition of selected designs that traditional border patterns and field patterns are achieved. Usually, a single carpet will be woven using only one type of knot. The technique used by a particular village is usually passed down through the generations and, therefore, each weaver in that village will generally use the same type of knot.

OTHER KNOTS USED IN RUG production include the Jufti and the Tibetan knots. The Jufti knot is tied upon only one warp thread and therefore is sometimes referred to as the "Single Warp" knot. The Tibetan knot is similar to the Senneh knot but the pile emerges only after every two warps. The Tibetan knot is used also in Nepal and Northern India.

Turkish Knot
In the Turkish knot, the yarn passes over the two warp threads, and emerges to form the pile coming between them. The Turkish knot is also sometimes called the Ghordies knot. It has a symmetrical structure and is generally considered appropriate for geometric patterns.

Persian Knot
In the Persian knot, the yarn passes behind one warp thread, and the two ends emerge on either side of a warp thread. The Persian knot is sometimes called the Senneh knot. It has an asymmetrical structure and is generally considered appropriate for floral patterns.